|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]胡溢轩.美国环境运动的发展脉络与演进逻辑[J].南京工业大学学报(社会科学版),2018,17(5):39-48.
 HU Yixuan.On Practice of Environmental Protection Movement in the United States[J].Journal of NANJING TECH UNIVERSITY(SOCIAL SCIENCE EDITION),2018,17(5):39-48.
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美国环境运动的发展脉络与演进逻辑()
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《南京工业大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1671-7287/CN:]

卷:
17
期数:
2018年第5期
页码:
39-48
栏目:
出版日期:
2018-10-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
On Practice of Environmental Protection Movement in the United States
文章编号:
1671-7287(2018)05-0039-10
作者:
胡溢轩
中国人民大学 社会学理论与方法研究中心, 北京 100872
Author(s):
HU Yixuan
Center for Studies of Sociological Theory & Method, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
关键词:
美国环境运动 环境治理 环境公众参与
Keywords:
American environmental movement environmental governance environmental public participation
分类号:
C91-09;X-0
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
美国环境运动大致可以分为四个阶段:20世纪60年代前的萌芽阶段、20世纪六七十年代的快速发展阶段、20世纪八九十年代的制度化阶段以及21世纪以来的转型阶段。研究发现:美国环境运动由最初的荒野、自然资源保护到环境主义再到环境公正最后发展为全球环境主义,发起者经历了由最高行政长官到中上层精英人士再到底层居民的“自上而下”的转化过程,各个阶段的环境运动也均对美国的环境治理体系产生了深刻影响。研究结果表明:不同层次的环境威胁是引发环境运动的直接导火索,但不同时期国家与社会之间的价值观及利益的竞争与对抗则是影响环境运动发展演进的内在主轴。我国环境治理改革,不仅要重视政府治理能力的提升,更应充分保障社会多元主体的参与权及其环境利益。
Abstract:
The history of American environmental movement can roughly be divided into four stages of development: the germination stage(before 1960s), the rapid development stage(1960s—1970s), the institutionalization stage(1980s—1990s)and the transition stage(2011—present).This study found that the theme of US environmental movement developed from the initial wilderness, natural resources protection to environmentalism, then to environmental justice, and finally transformed into the global environment movement. The initiator experienced a top-down transforming process from chief executive to upper middle-class elite and then to bottom level residents. Environmental movements in different periods also had a profound impact on their environmental governance system. The results show that the environmental threat of different levels is the direct fuse that triggered the environmental movement, but the values and interests of the competition and confrontation between the state and the society in different periods is the main axis of the evolution of the environmental movements. In China, the reform of national environmental governance should not only focus on the improvement of governance capability, but also on the participation rights and environmental benefits of pluralistic subjects.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
[收稿日期]2018-04-19
[基金项目]中国人民大学2017年度拔尖创新人才培育资助计划
[作者简介]胡溢轩(1990-),男,湖南武冈人,中国人民大学社会学理论与方法研究中心博士研究生,研究方向:环境社会学。
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-09-10