|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]严厚福.美国环境刑事责任制度及其对中国的启示[J].南京工业大学学报(社会科学版),2017,(3):64-71.
 YAN Houfu.On U.S. Environmental Criminal Liability System and its Enlightenment to China[J].Journal of NANJING TECH UNIVERSITY(SOCIAL SCIENCE EDITION),2017,(3):64-71.
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美国环境刑事责任制度及其对中国的启示()
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《南京工业大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1671-7287/CN:]

卷:
期数:
2017年第3期
页码:
64-71
栏目:
出版日期:
2017-08-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
On U.S. Environmental Criminal Liability System and its Enlightenment to China
文章编号:
1671-7287(2017)03-0064-08
作者:
严厚福
北京师范大学 法学院, 北京 100875
Author(s):
YAN Houfu
Law School, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
关键词:
环境刑事责任 环境犯罪 刑事执法 单位犯罪 虚假陈述 按日计罚
Keywords:
environmental criminal liability environmental crime criminal enforcement unit crime false statements daily penalty
分类号:
D971.276
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
美国的主要环境法律将环境犯罪规定为“重罪”,罚金刑可以按日计罚,累犯的监禁和罚金都加倍处罚,并特别注重对“虚假陈述”犯罪的制裁。司法部和联邦环保署成立了专门的部门来追究环境犯罪。在司法实践中,法院依据“负责任的公司管理人员原则”追究公司管理人员的刑事责任。中国可以借鉴美国的做法,提升环境犯罪的最高法定刑,明确罚金可以按日计罚,在环境保护部门和公安机关中建立专门的环境犯罪调查机构,加强对单位及其负责人的环境刑事责任的追究力度,将环境信息造假的行为全面入刑,实行认罪认罚从宽制度以减少刑事执法的成本。
Abstract:
The major environmental laws of the United States criminalize environmental offenses as ″felony″. The fine penalty can be punished on a daily basis. The maximum punishment shall be doubled with respect to both fine and imprisonment for recidivism with particular emphasis on the punishment of ″false statement″. The Department of Justice and the EPA have set up a special division to pursue environmental crime. In the judicial practice, the courts hold the company officer′s criminal liability according to ″the responsible corporate officer doctrine″. China can borrow its practice to enhance the maximum legal penalty for environmental crime; exert the fine penalty on a daily basis; establish a special environmental crime investigation division in the environmental protection departments and public security organs; strengthen the pursuit of unit and its officer′s environmental criminal liability; criminalize the overall environmental information fraud acts; implement the plead guilty leniency system so as to reduce the cost of environmental criminal enforcement.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
【收稿日期】2017-05-16
【作者简介】严厚福(1982-),男,江西玉山人,北京师范大学法学院讲师,博士,研究方向:环境法学。
【基金项目】国家社会科学基金青年项目(14CFX062)
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-09-20