|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]阿尔贝托·阿科斯塔,著,王聪聪,等.榨取主义和新榨取主义:同一诅咒的两面[J].南京工业大学学报(社会科学版),2017,(1):51-60.
 Alberto Acosta,Translated by WANG Congcong.Extractivism and Neoextractivism: Two Sides of the Same Curse[J].Journal of NANJING TECH UNIVERSITY(SOCIAL SCIENCE EDITION),2017,(1):51-60.
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榨取主义和新榨取主义:同一诅咒的两面()
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《南京工业大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1671-7287/CN:]

卷:
期数:
2017年第1期
页码:
51-60
栏目:
出版日期:
2017-03-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Extractivism and Neoextractivism: Two Sides of the Same Curse
文章编号:
1671-7287(2017)01-0051-10
作者:
阿尔贝托·阿科斯塔1著;王聪聪2
1.拉美社会科学院, 厄瓜多尔 基多 999165; 2.北京航空航天大学 马克思主义学院, 北京 100083
Author(s):
Alberto Acosta1;Translated by WANG Congcong 2
1.Latin American Social Sciences Faculty, Quito 999165, Ecuador; 2.School of Marxism, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
关键词:
榨取主义 新榨取主义 发展替代 丰裕悖论 自然资源 环境政治
Keywords:
extractivism neoextractivism alternatives to development paradox of plenty natural resources environmental politics
分类号:
F174
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
自然资源丰饶的拉美各国,至今未能建立起一种摆脱贫困与独裁困境的发展模式。究其原因,在于以开采和出口原材料为主的积累模式,即榨取主义和新榨取主义的模式依然强势存在。榨取主义导致拉美经济结构的扭曲和日益严重的收支平衡危机,资源产业的繁荣还导致其他生产部门的发展空间遭到挤压;同时,榨取主义加剧了资源收益、财富和政治权力的集中,诱发了政治“寻租”行为,并带来一系列的环境和社会问题。虽然一些进步政府通过强化国家干预对榨取主义模式做了相应调整,但新榨取主义依然传承与发展着殖民时代榨取主义的关键性元素。不仅如此,新榨取主义还导致了专制政府的出现,削弱了民主治理,妨碍了公民权的构建。要摆脱对自然资源的这种双面诅咒,需要构建一种走向后榨取主义的转型战略,建立一种真正可持续的“发展替代”模式,而起点则是停止榨取主义经济模式的继续扩张和强化。
Abstract:
Although with abundance of natural resources, Latin American countries failed to establish a development mode that would enable them to escape from the traps of poverty and authoritarianism due to the existence of extractivism and neoextractivism. As a mode of accumulation, extractivism distorts the structure of economy and allocation among production sectors, as well as aggravating disbalance of renenues and payments. Despite the fact that several Latin American countries with progressive government have become aware of the disease and have made some vital changes to certain elements of extractivism, neoextractivism maintains and reproduces key elements of the extractivism that dates back to colonial times. Therefore, one of the most complex tasks is to design and implement a strategy that will lead to a post-extractivist economy, to offer an ″alternatives to development″, an option that is radically different to current development ideas.

参考文献/References:

[1]GUDYNAS E.Transition to post-extractivism:directions, options, areas of action[M]//LANG M,MOKRANI D.Beyond development: alternative visions from Latin America.Quito: Rosa Luxemburg Foundation,2013:165-186.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
【收稿日期】2016-12-10
【作者简介】阿尔贝托·阿科斯塔(Alberto Acosta),男,拉美社会科学院研究员,曾担任厄瓜多尔能源和矿业部部长、制宪大会的成员和主席,研究方向:政治经济学。王聪聪(1986-),女,山东日照人,北京航空航天大学马克思主义学院讲师,博士,研究方向:生态马克思主义、欧洲政党政治和环境政治。
原文刊发于《超越发展:拉美视点》第61-86页,经作者授权翻译发表,略有删节。
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-03-20