|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]爱德华多·古迪纳斯,著,李雪姣,等.向后榨取主义转变:方向、选项和行动领域[J].南京工业大学学报(社会科学版),2017,(1):40-50.
 Eduardo Gudynas,Translated by LI Xuejiao.Transitions to Post-extractivism:Directions,Options,Areas of Action[J].Journal of NANJING TECH UNIVERSITY(SOCIAL SCIENCE EDITION),2017,(1):40-50.
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向后榨取主义转变:方向、选项和行动领域()
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《南京工业大学学报(社会科学版)》[ISSN:1671-7287/CN:]

卷:
期数:
2017年第1期
页码:
40-50
栏目:
出版日期:
2017-03-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Transitions to Post-extractivism:Directions,Options,Areas of Action
文章编号:
1671-7287(2017)01-0040-11
作者:
爱德华多·古迪纳斯1著;李雪姣2
1.拉美社会生态学研究中心, 乌拉圭 蒙得维的亚 11700; 2.北京大学 马克思主义学院, 北京 100871
Author(s):
Eduardo Gudynas1;Translated by LI Xuejiao2
1.Centro Latino Americano deEcología Social, Montevideo 11700, Uruguay; 2.School of Marxism, Peking University, Beijing 1000871, China
关键词:
拉丁美洲 后榨取主义 “好生活” 发展替代 环境政治 经济转型
Keywords:
Latin America post-extractivism Buen Vivir alternatives to development environmental politics economic transition
分类号:
F174
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
拉美目前的经济发展是不可持续的,因为它主要依靠原材料出口来带动。在这一模式下,原材料出口依赖依然在持续,消除贫困进程困难重重,环境恶化在不断加剧。依此,相对于以往的榨取主义发展模式,笔者提出一种以“好生活”为核心理念的“发展替代”模式,即后榨取主义模式。这种后榨取主义模式在力图解构以经济增长为唯一目标的发展意识形态的同时,提出了经济与环境、国家规制改善及其民主化、注重生活质量和有选择地与全球化脱钩等八个方面的转型行动领域或政策革新举措。
Abstract:
The development mode followed in Latin America, which mainly depends on export of raw materials to the world market, is unsustainable. It not only damages the local natural environment severely but also destroys its industrial ecological environment, resulting in the deteriorating robust of overall development of the region. Based on this background, the author proposes a kind of ″alternatives to development″ with the core idea of "Buen Vivir", or post-extractivism, which aims to deconstruct the ideology of the obsession with economic growth as a goal. According to the author, the possibility of bringing about these changes lies in the progressive politics to get away from attaching to the ideology of growth, materialist reductionism, and to overcome the difficulties in understanding the demands of new social movements on issues such as environment, gender and interculturalism.

参考文献/References:

[1]SOTELO V,FRANCKE P.Es economicamente viable una economia postextractivista en el Peru?[M]//ALAYZA A,GUDYNAS E.Transiciones, post extractivismo y alternativas al extractivismo en el Perú.Lima: Ediciones del CEPES, 2011:115-142.
[2]AMIN S.Eurocentrism—modernity, religion, and democracy:a critique of eurocentrism and culturalism[M].Oxford: Pambazuka Press, 2010.

相似文献/References:

[1]马里斯特拉·斯万帕,著,李全喜,等.资源榨取主义及其替代性选择:拉美的发展观[J].南京工业大学学报(社会科学版),2017,(1):61.
 Maristella Svampa,Translated by LI Quanxi,GENG Honghong,et al.Resource Extractivism and Alternatives: Latin American Perspectives on Development[J].Journal of NANJING TECH UNIVERSITY(SOCIAL SCIENCE EDITION),2017,(1):61.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
【收稿日期】2016-12-10
【作者简介】爱德华多·古迪纳斯(Eduardo Gudynas),男,拉美社会生态学研究中心研究员,研究方向:社会生态学。李雪姣(1990-),女,河北廊坊人,北京大学马克思主义学院博士研究生,研究方向:生态马克思主义、欧洲政党政治和环境政治。
原文刊发于《超越发展:拉美视点》第165-188页,经作者授权翻译发表,略有删节。
更新日期/Last Update: 2017-03-20